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这些恶意的网络服务器行为你中招了吗?我们该如何应对?
更新:2020/1/4    点击数:636

SUIZHEHULIANWANGDEXUNSUFAZHAN,WANGLUOANQUANMIANLINZHEYANJUNDETIAOZHAN,YIXIEEYIDEWANGLUOFUWUQIXINGWEIYECENGCHUBUQIONG。WULUNSHIZHENGGUIQIYEWANGZHAN、YOUXIWANGZHAN、GOUWUWANGZHANRENGSHIQIPAISHI、WENYUWANGZHAN,XUDUOYONGHUYOUYUGELEIWANGLUOQINFANGONGSHIWANGZHANKUISAN,FUWUQIQIANGXINGGUANBI,KEHUBUNENGFANGWEN,SIMIXINXIXIELU,ERDAOZHILIYISUNSHI。JINTIANXIAOBIANJIULAIGENDAJIAJIANGYIJIANG,ZHENDUIwindowsCAOZUOXITONGDEFUWUQI,DOUYOUNAXIEEYIXINGWEI,WOMENYOUGAIRUHEYINGDUINI?

ZONGTILAISHUO,YOULIANGZHONGWANGLUOFUWUQIEYIXINGWEI:YIZHONGSHIGONGJIXINGWEI,LIRUJUJUEFUWUGONGJIHEWANGLUOBINGDUDENG,JUYOULANGFEIFUWUQIZIYUAN、GANRAOXITONGZHENGCHANGYUNXINGDEWEIHAI;LINGYIZHONGSHIRUQINXINGWEI,JUYOUXIELUFUWUQIYINSIXINXI、POHUAIFUWUQIDEWEIHAI。

LIRUJINJINIANJIAOWEILIUXINGDEDDOSGONGJIJIUSHUYUQIANZHE,FENBUSHIJUJUEFUWU(DDOS)GONGJIJUTIZHIJIEZHUYUKEHU/FUWUQIJISHU,JIANGDUOGEJISUANJILIANHEQILAIZUOWEIGONGJIPINGTAI,DUIYIGEHUODUOGEMUBIAOFADONGDDOSGONGJI,CONGERCHENGBEIDITIGAOJUJUEFUWUGONGJIDEWEILI。LIYONGKEHU/FUWUQIJISHU,ZHUKONGCHENGXUNENGZAIJIMIAOZHONGNEIJIHUOCHENGBAISHANGQIANCIDAILICHENGXUDEYUNXING。

WANGLUOFUWUQIEYIXINGWEIRIYICHANGJUE、JISHUYEBUDUANSHENGJI。WEILEWEIHUWANGLUOFUWUQIDEANQUAN,WOMENYAORUHEYINGDUIEYIDEWANGLUOXINGWEINI?

1、建立良好的硬件安全防御系统。

YIGELIANGHAODEANQUANXITONGMOXING,BIRANBAOKUOFANGHUOQIANG、RUQINJIANCEXITONG、LUYOUXITONGDENGBIYAOZUJIAN。FANGHUOQIANGSHIYIGESHIFENZHONGYAODEBUFEN,JIUHAOBIYIGEBAOAN,NENGGOUYOUXIAOZUDUANWANGLUOFEIFAFANGWENHESHUJULIULIANGGONGJI;RUQINJIANCEQIJIURUTONGYIGEJIANSHIQI,ZAIFUWUQIRUKOUJINGJINGYEYEDIJIANSHIZHE,ZHINENGDIYUDAIYOUGONGJIHERUQINXINGZHIDEFANGWEN。

2、使用英文操作系统

WEIRUANYINGWENBANDEwindowsXITONGBugHEPatchGONGNENGGENGJIAWANSHAN,ERZHONGWENBANXITONGDEBugWANGWANGHUIGENGDUO,PatchGONGNENGYEHUIBIJIAORUO,ZAIWEIRUANLOUDONGGONGBUZHIHOUXUYAOHUASHIJIANCAINENGDAHAOBUDING,ZHEISHIHOUJIUJILEHEIKE、BINGDURUQINXITONGDEJIHUI。

3、选择安全可靠的域名提供商

YIGEYONGHUFANGWENYIGEWANGZHANDEZHENGCHANGGUOCHENGSHIXIANZAIDNSFUWUQISHANGJIEXIYUMINGDAOMOUYIGEJUTIDEIP,ZAIFANGWENDAOZHEIGEIPDEFUWUQISHANG。DUIWANGZHANYUNYINGZHELAISHUO,ZUIHAIPACHUXIANDEQINGKUANGSHI,ZAIDNSCHUXIANJIEXICISHUPINFANDESHIHOU,ZUOWEIDNSDEYUMINGTIGONGSHANGQUECAIYONGZHIJIEPINGBIYUMINGDEFANGSHILAIJIEJUEWENTI,ZHEISHIHOUWANGZHANYUNYINGZHEZHANGWOBULEKONGZHIQUAN,YIQIEWEIZHIZHINENGRENQIFAZHAN。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,JIUYAOXUANZEANQUANKEKAODEYUMINGTIGONGSHANG,ZUIHAOSHIDAIYOUANQUANFANGHUGONGNENGDEDNSYUMINGTIGONGSHANG。

4、防止黑客入侵

DUIYUHEIKERUQIN,WOMENNENGZUODEJIUSHIZAIBAOZHENGANQUANDEJICHUSHANG,ZUIDACHENGDUDIBIMIANBEIRUQIN,JIANSHAOBUBIYAODESUNSHI。

NEIME,RUHEFANGZHIHEIKERUQIN?WOMENKEYIZHEIYANGZUO:

(1)采用NTFS文件系统格式

TONGCHANGWOMENSUOYONGDEWENJIANXITONGGESHISHIFATHUOFAT32。ERWEIRUANDENTFSWENJIANXITONGGESHIRONGLIANGGENGDA、ANQUANXISHUGENGGAO,ZAIZHEIGEXITONGLIMIAN,RENYICIPANDOUKEYIDANDUSHEZHIFANGWENQUANXIAN,FENKAICUNFANGMINGANXINXIHEFUWUXINXI,ZHEIYANGNENGGOUZENGJIAHEIKERUQINDENANDU,JIANGDIMINGANXINXIBEIDAODEFENGXIAN。

(2)做好系统备份

SUHUASHUO“YOUBEIWUHUAN”,FANGFANYUWEIRANSHIMINGZHIDEZUOFA。JIANGFUWUQIXITONGBEIFENHAO,RUGUOZAOSHOURUQINHEGONGJIDEHUA,NENGGOUJISHIHUIFU,BIMIANBUBIYAODEMAFAN。

(3)关掉不需要的服务,只开需要的端口

GUANDIAOBUXUYAODEFUWU,XIZHIGUANLIHAOMEIXIANGFUWU。YIXIEXITONGMORENDEFUWUSHIBUXUYAODE,ZHEIXIEFUWUCUNZAIYIDINGDEWEIHAI,LIRU:MORENDEGONGXIANGYUANCHENGZHUCEBIAOFANGWEN(Remote Registry Service),ZHUCEDESHIHOUHENDUOMINGANSIMIXINXIHUITIANZAIZHUCEBIAOLI,ZHEISHIHOUJIUYOUQIANZAIDEWEIXIANXING。

CHULEGUANBIBUXUYAODEFUWUZHIWAI,HAIYAOGUANDIAOBUXUYAODEDUANKOU,YINWEIZHEIXIEBUXUYAODEDUANKOUHUIXIELUCAOZUOSHANGDEXITONGSIMIXINXI,RANGHEIKEQINGCHUZHIDAOSHISHENMEXITONG,ZHEIYANGDUIHEIKELAISHUOSHIDADADEBIANLI。

YINCI,GUOLVDIAOBUXUYAODEFUWUHEDUANKOU,BUJINNENGGOUYOUXIAOYUFANGHEIKERUQIN,ERQIEHAINENGGOUYUFANGBINGDU。

(4)安装防火墙和杀毒软件

ZAIYUANYOUYINGJIANFANGYUXITONGDEJICHUSHANG,ANZHUANGFANGHUOQIANGHESHADURUANJIAN,KEYIJINYIBUZENGQIANGANQUANFANGYU。

(5)打开事件日志服务

KAIQISHIJIANRIZHIFUWUNENGGOUJIANJIEDIYUHEIKERUQIN,JILUHEIKEXINGWEIGUIJI,ZHEIYANGFANGBIANWOMENZIXIFENXIXITONGPOHUAICHENGDU,JUTISHINAXIEPOHUAI,HEIKEYOUMEIYOULIULESHENMEHOUSHOUYIJIFUWUQIDEYIXIEANQUANYINHUANDENG。DUIYIXIEGAOSHOULAISHUO,HAINENGGOUSHEZHIHAO“MIGUAN”,ZUOHAO“XIANJING”,QINGHEIKE“RUWENG”,ZHUAZHUHEIKE。

(6)在RAS使用上开启回叫功能

RASJIUSHIYUANCHENGFANGWEN,RANER,YIGERASFUWUQIWEIHEIKERUQINXITONGTIGONGLEBIANLI,YAOZHIDAO,HEIKEZHIXUYAOYIGEDIANHUAHAOMAJIUKEYIRUQINYITAIZHUJI。YINCI,DANGYUANCHENGYONGHUSHIYONGDESHIBUTAIBIANDONGDEDIANHUAHAOMA,JIUYAOZAIRASSHIYONGSHANGKAIQIHUIJIAOGONGNENG,NENGGOUYUNXUYUANCHENGYONGHUDENGLUHOUJISHIQIEDUANLIANJIE,SUIHOUHUIZIDONGBOTONGYIGEYUDINGYIDEDIANHUAHAOMA,HEIKEDUIYUYUXIANSHEDINGHAODEDIANHUAHAOMASHIMEIYOUJIHUINENGGOURUQINXITONGDE,ZHEIYANGKEYIBAOZHENGRASFUWUQIDEANQUAN。

(7)及时下载更新Windows补丁程序

WEIRUANHUIJISHIRANGCHENGXUYUANTUANDUIJIANCHAANQUANLOUDONGBINGJINXINGXIUBU。YIBANYOULIANGZHONGBUDINGCHENGXUBANBEN:YIZHONGSHIRENHERENDOUKEYISHIYONGDE40WEIDEBANBEN,LINGYIZHONGSHIZHINENGZAIMEIGUOHEJIANADASHIYONGDE128WEIDEBANBEN。128WEIDEBANBENHUIBI40WEIDEBANBENGENGJIAANQUAN,YINCIXUANZESHENMEYANGDEBANBENYAOGENJUDIQUXUANZE。

(8)制定一个稳定强有力的安全政策

YIGEWENDINGQIANGYOULIDEANQUANZHENGCENENGGOUTIGAOANQUANXING,YAOBAOZHENGMEIYIGERENYUANDOUZHIDAOZHEIGEZHENGCEBINGYOUXIAOZHIXINGXIAQU,LIRUDUIYUXIAZAIWEISHOUQUANRUANJIANDEXINGWEIJIUYAOJINXINGYANLIDECHENGFA。CIWAI,HAIYAOJISHIQINGCHUHUOJINYONGLIZHIYUANGONGDEYONGHUZHANGHAO,XIAOCHUBUBIYAODEYINHUAN。


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